Software & Finance

Turbo C Graphics - moveto function

moveto function is used to move the current graphics cursor position to a particulat location. It accepts two input parameters - xpos and ypos.


outtext is the function used to display the given string on graphics mode. It uses the font style set by settextstyle and the current position. The current position can be changed with moveto function. Alternatively you can use outtextxy function which takes xpos, ypos and string for displaying at a particular location. outtextxy does the work of both moveto and outtext functions.


In this example, the string "background: %d, foreground: %d, maxcolors:%d" is displayed using outtext and is displayed using outtextxy.


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Source Code

#include <graphics.h>

#include <stdio.h>

#include <math.h>

#include <conio.h>

#include <dos.h>

#include <stdlib.h>


void main()



       int i, grd, grm;

       int x, y, w;

       int left,top,right,bottom;

       int margin, width, height;

       int gresult;

       int cx, cy;

       char msg[512];

       char buffer[] = "";


       // Detect the graphics driver and mode


       // initialize the graphics mode with initgraph

       initgraph(&grd, &grm, "");


       gresult = graphresult();

       if(gresult != grOk)







       // set the background color


       // set the foreground color


       // draw a white color border with rectangle



       // find the text width and text height

       width = textwidth(buffer);

       height = textheight(buffer);

       margin = 100; // 100 pixel margin

       left = margin;

       top = margin;

       // calculate the right and bottom with margin and getmaxx and getmaxy function

       bottom = getmaxy() - margin;

       right = getmaxx() - margin;


       // draw a bar with solid fill on blue color

       // use rectangle to have a white color border

       setfillstyle(SOLID_FILL, BLUE);

       bar(left, top, right, bottom);

       rectangle(left, top, right, bottom);;


       // change the text foreground color to yellow


       cx = (right + left - width) / 2;

       cy = (bottom + top - height) / 2;


       settextstyle(DEFAULT_FONT, HORIZ_DIR, 1);




       sprintf(msg, "background: %d, foreground: %d, maxcolors: %d", getbkcolor(), getcolor(), getmaxcolor());

       width = textwidth(msg);

       cx = (right + left - width) / 2;

       cy += textheight(msg) + 10;;


       // use moveto and outtext function instead of outtextxy

       moveto(cx, cy);