# C# - Sorting Algorithm - QuickSort Iterative

We often using sorting algorithm to sort numbers and strings. Also we have many sorting algorithms. I have explained here on how quicksort algorithm works in iterative mode.

For each time when partition method is called, the pivot is placed at the correct position meaning all the elements to the left are less than the pivot value and all the elements to right are greater than the pivot value.

The iteration approach requires stacking of the beg(left), end(right) positions that are used in recursion. I have used the List to store the values and made sure the loop is getting repeated until List is empty. For Partition, we need two arguments - left and right.

The complete program and test run output are given below:

## Source Code

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Text;

namespace CSharpSort

{

class Program

{

static public int Partition(int [] numbers, int left, int right)

{

int pivot = numbers[left];

while (true)

{

while (numbers[left] < pivot)

left++;

while (numbers[right] > pivot)

right--;

if (left < right)

{

int temp = numbers[right];

numbers[right] = numbers[left];

numbers[left] = temp;

}

else

{

return right;

}

}

}

struct QuickPosInfo

{

public int left;

public int right;

};

static public void QuickSort_Iterative(int [] numbers, int left, int right)

{

if(left >= right)

return; // Invalid index range

List<QuickPosInfo> list = new List<QuickPosInfo>();

QuickPosInfo info;

info.left = left;

info.right = right;

list.Insert(list.Count, info);

while(true)

{

if(list.Count == 0)

break;

left = list.left;

right = list.right;

list.RemoveAt(0);

int pivot = Partition(numbers, left, right);

if(pivot > 1)

{

info.left = left;

info.right = pivot - 1;

list.Insert(list.Count, info);

}

if(pivot + 1 < right)

{

info.left = pivot + 1;

info.right = right;

list.Insert(list.Count, info);

}

}

}

static void Main(string[] args)

{

int[] numbers = { 3, 8, 7, 5, 2, 1, 9, 6, 4 };

int len = 9;

Console.WriteLine("QuickSort By Iterative Method");

QuickSort_Iterative(numbers, 0, len - 1);

for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++)

Console.WriteLine(numbers[i]);

}

}

}

## Output

QuickSort By Iterative Method

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Press any key to continue . . .